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How to Become a HGV Driver / Lorry Driver

Last Updated 26/02/2024

Have you thought of starting a new career as a lorry driver transporting goods across the UK and beyond? Love driving and the freedom of the open road? Below we talk about the process and requirements to becoming an HGV driver and how to keep your HGV licence. To start with you need to be 18 or over and have a valid UK drivers licence. If you don’t have a valid UK drivers licence then you will need to get your licence transferred over to the UK. The United Kingdom is always short of lorry drivers so there is certainly no shortage of work out there but you will have to work hard as driving the roads of the UK isn’t for the faint hearted or people who are work shy. It is hard work but as you are already aware there is a feeling of freedom on the roads unlike any other profession. Desk jobs don’t suit everyone and that is why driving an HGV just might be the answer to your future happiness.

Invest in the future and gain your HGV licence

The UK is always short of lorry drivers and post Brexit could in excess of 45,000 generally, so as you can see, there is plenty of work available and competition for those positions will be low.

Lorry Driving

How much can you earn being a lorry driver?

Salaries vary from £21,000 to the highest of £60,000 per year. The average gross salary coming in at around £31,000, this of course depends on the type of vehicle you’re driving and cargo you might be carrying.

As a professional lorry driver you will be subject to drivers hours regulations, as a guide there is a legal limit of 9 hours driving per day with a requirement to take a 45 minute break every 4.5 hours of driving. Read about working hours in more detail here.

So how long does it take to become a HGV driver?

Start to finish you will complete the process in approximately 8-10 weeks generally.

Our pass rates are well above the national average and we are NOT BROKERS so our classrooms and training is not overstuffed and you really do get that 1 to 1 training that many say they offer but in reality you don’t get. With the right company HGV training is fast and affordable.

What sort of HGV licence should you apply for?

This depends on what sort of vehicle you are thinking of driving. There are a few categories and we will explain them below. The categories are based on vehicle weight and additional weight they can tow when trailers are attached.

HGV Training categories you can choose from

CAT C1: Category C1 is for light goods vehicles between 3.5 and 7.5 tonnes, this is the category required for ambulance drivers also.

CAT C: This is for heavy goods vehicles between 7.5 and 32 tonnes. You will be able to drive any rigid truck regardless of axles or weight up to the maximum.

CAT C+E: This is for all Draw Bar & Articulated Vehicles.

Previously you had to obtain a cat C licence before taking the C+E category, now you do not need to do this, you can go straight to category C+E from a car licence with one test instead of two!

If you hold a cat C licence, you can upgrade your category C licence to C+E with No further theory tests required. No restrictions or time delay between passing the C test and C+E.

The steps to gaining an Large Goods Vehicle/HGV Licence

Here are the simple steps to be taken to drive a HGV.

HGV Medical:

As part of the provisional licence process drivers must have a medical to send with the licence application to DVLA. We have weekly appointments available for this at our centre.

HGV Theory:

There are usually three theory tests required, Multiple Choice, Hazard Perception, and Module Two Case Studies, this is the first part of the Driver CPC requirement if you want to drive professionally for a living. These are booked online when you receive your new licence with provisional entitlement and are taken at a DVSA Theory Test Centre near you.

Practical HGV Training:

When you have passed the theory tests you can then begin training as required. Courses are arranged Monday to Friday, usually with the practical test arranged at the end of the week.

The practical test has now been split into two, the Module 3a test for reversing is conducted at our training centre.

When you have completed the driving tests you can now take the Module 4 Practical Demonstration Test, this is the second part of the requirement to obtain a driver cpc card.

This is usually morning or afternoon for training, we conduct the tests for this onsite.

HGV Classes Explained

Class 2 HGV

A Class 2 HGV lorry licence is the same as an LGV or HGV lorry licence which allows you to drive a vehicle over 7.5t and up to 32 tonnes. You must apply to the DVLA for the provisional entitlement to drive a lorry and meet higher medical standards to get your Class 2 lorry licence.

Class 1 HGV

A Class 1 HGV driver is able to drive class C+E vehicles – an articulated lorry weighing 7.5 tonnes or more with detachable cabs and trailers which can generally carry loads of up to 44 tonnes. Class 1 drivers are able to do long-haul trips and are generally better paid than Class 2 drivers.

The difference

The differences between these two HGV classes are quite straightforward: a Class 1 licence entitles you to drive a category C+E truck, or an artic lorry, which is an articulated lorry. On the other hand, a Class 2 licence allows you to drive a category C vehicle, or what is often known as a rigid lorry.


Frequently asked questions about HGV training. We are always here to talk to you so please call us on 01424 432200 if you have any questions that are not covered below.

These are included in your starter pack.
LGV Multiple choice, Hazard perception, LGV Case Studies (Module 2)
Study material is provided on line through our website. (This is included free of charge in your package)
You call 0300 200 1122 or book on line
At local DVSA theory test centres
We will fast track you for your practical training lessons. These can be taken in 4 or 8 hourly sessions
The test is booked with the DVSA so we cannot guarantee the date of the test, we will endeavour to book your test as close to the training as possible
No, you will have to take your CPC module 4 test before you can drive professionally
  • Doctors Medical
  • Apply for Provisional Licence
  • Theory Tests Hazard Perception, Multiple
Choice & Case Studies (module 2)
  • Attend Practical Training Lessons
  • Practical Test
  • CPC module 4 Practical Demonstration

To book your course or for more information.
Call: 01424 432200

Our Driver Training Courses

HGV Training

We are a professional, accredited Transport Training Centre catering for all categories of licence requirements. Approved DVSA Test Centre for all tests. Comfortable, easy to drive vehicles, make the whole training experience very enjoyable, DVSA accredited off road manoeuvring and test area. A fully equipped training centre to cater for every transport training requirement.

Driver CPC Training

35 hrs of Periodic Training is required to maintain licence compliance. Training can be taken in blocks of seven hours or as an intensive course.

Towing & Caravans

We offer C1+E, D1+E towing courses for all categories of vehicles, Horse-box Owners, Cargo Trailers and of course Caravans.

Minibus Training D1

If you drive for hire and reward you will need to gain PCV entitlement. Hire and reward does not mean if you take fares for any journey, it means if you are paid to drive the minibus or bus as part of your duties. We serve Sussex, Kent and further afield with PCV training.

Ambulance Driver Training

We have vehicles specifically for the purpose of training ambulance drivers. To Become an ambulance driver you will need a minimum of a C1 licence due to the weight of the vehicle you will be driving. When an ambulance is loaded with equipment and patients it often falls between 3.5 and 7.5 tonnes.

Fork Lift Truck Training

Accredited training is available for all categories of Lift Truck Machines and Equipment to cover the requirements of the approved Code of Practice
and Supplementary Guidance for Rider Operated Lift Trucks.

Campervans & Motorhomes

Training is carried out by our DVSA registered instructors using 5 tonne Ford Transit vehicles, making it an easy and enjoyable process. Usually over two days 1:1 and no time sharing with others.

Horsebox Training

We offer towing courses for all categories of vehicles, C1, D1, Horseboxes, Plant Trailers, Caravans and Others.

Why Choose Us For Your Driver Training?

Modern Fleet of Vehicles

Our modern fleet of vehicles are regularly maintained, comfortable, easy to drive, and make licence acquisition a pleasure.

Quality Tuition

Our fully qualified Instructors will ensure you receive quality tuition for all categories of training.

Ideally Situated

Driver Training Centre is situated next door to the DVSA driving test centre at Hastings and provides easy access for any tests.Driver Training Centre has the resources and experience to deliver our customers requirements.